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Screen Printing History


Screen Printing History
Screen printing is a printing technology which is widely used. So does the screen printer. Flatbed printing is a fashionable and advanced technology today.
You can choose the screen print if you like. We’re probably all familiar with the results of screen-printing. It’s the most popular technique for producing prints on t-shirts and other fabrics. It uses a woven mesh to support the stencil that the ink is pressed through. The ink is moved using a squeegee or roller, and is usually heat set. Screen-printing has been around in a recognizable form since the Song Dynasty in China, and was used throughout Asia in conjunction with fabric painting and block prints.
The art came to Europe in the late eighteenth century, but it was a long time before it caught on. Once silk mesh became more available in Western countries, a profitable use for it was discovered. The first English screen-printing patent was filed in 1907, and was used as a method for printing high end wallpapers. For some time, screen printers in the West leaned toward keeping their techniques secret, so that they couldn’t be used by other printers.
The photosensitive properties of some chemicals when mixed with glues were discovered in the early 1910s. This revolutionized the commercial screen-printing world; by using bichromate photo imaged stencils, instead of hand drawn ones. However, it took a lot longer than you might think before this method became popular. These days, the same general type of photosensitive stencil is used, though the compounds available now are generally safer than bichromates. By 1928, a method of applying lacquer soluble stencil substances had been developed.
Screen-printing was soon adopted for art prints and for use on fabrics. Andy Warhol popularized screen-printing for artistic purposes in the 1960s. Because of his screens the multicolor rotary screen-printing machine was developed during this decade as well. It was originally used to print on bowling clothing, but t-shirt printing soon caught on, and became extremely popular.
Garment screen-printing still makes up more than half of the art’s use in the US. It is also used to make full color prints for any mass produced graphic, like a poster. It’s less expensive than high grade inkjet printing and can print on all kinds of media, so it’s also more popular than dye sublimation prints. Screen prints can be done on vinyl, canvas, fabric, paper, and many other materials with the right inks.
There are three major methods of printing: flat, rotary and cylinder. Flatbed printer is a brand new digital product on the market. We always called it digital flatbed printer. The flat method is most common, with the other (rotary and cylinder) methods being used for specialty purposes. On automatic presses, as many as twelve hundred shirts can be printed in an hour. The most commonly used inks are plastisol – a type of plastic ink that is very opaque and has a vinyl like texture. These inks are heat set and have been around for about fifty years. Water based inks are preferred for greater penetration into the skirt and are somewhat less toxic. Andy Warhol popularized screen-printing for artistic purposes in the 1960s. Because of his screens the multicolor rotary screen printing machine was developed